Gum treatments

Gingiva or gum is the second most oral tissue after teeth. Gum diseases is the most leading causes for tooth loss after dental decay. Gum diseases is a silent and slow progressive type of does not cause pain so it is easily ignored. Only in advanced stage will the patient feel pain and mobility of teeth.

Plaque and tartar accumulate at the base of the teeth gradually causing infection and inflammation. Inflammation causes a pocket to develop between the gums and the teeth, which keeps on filling with plaque and tartar. Soft tissue swelling traps the plaque in the pocket. Continued inflammation eventually causes destruction of the tissues and bone surrounding the tooth, thus loosening the tooth. Eventually it leads to loss of teeth.

Signs of gum diseases:

  • Bleeding
  • Swollen gums
  • Bad odour
  • Tooth mobility

Therefore to first step of gum diseases is to do a thorough scaling and root planning.Most of signs of gum diseases will disappear after this procedure. If this fails then a flap surgery is performed.

Flap surgery

Before the procedure, the area to be treated is injected with local anesthesia. The gums are separated from the tooth to clean the root of the teeth filled with tartar and also repair the bone, if needed. The gum flaps are then sutured back into place and covered with gauze to stop bleeding.

Typically it takes only a few days to recover from a flap procedure. A few days after the procedure, your dentist will remove the stitches.

Gum Grafting

A gum (gingival) graft is used to replace missing and / or receded gum tissue. There are 2 types of Gm tissues. One which supports the tooth by surrounding it and second which lines the floor of the mouth and the cheek line.  Gum grafts are needed when the gums surrounding the tooth have receded exposing the root of the tooth also leading to bone loss. The purpose of gum grafting is to minimize and/or arrest the progression of recession of gums and prevention of further bone loss.

Sometimes Gum Grafting is also done to improve the aesthetic appearance of the gums. Deficient Gum Tissues in certain areas can lead to an unaesthetic appearance. Therefore Gum grafts plum up the deficient gums resulting in gum symmetry.

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